Difference between revisions of "Pronunciation"

From Kelabit Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Vowels)
(Consonants)
Line 107: Line 107:
 
|'''ng'''alap, na'''ng'''ey, mune'''ng'''
 
|'''ng'''alap, na'''ng'''ey, mune'''ng'''
 
|[ '''ŋ''' ]
 
|[ '''ŋ''' ]
 +
|-
 +
|'''b'''
 +
|'''b'''uro, te'''b'''ut, mese'''b'''
 +
|['''b''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''d'''
 +
|'''d'''awan, '''d'''a'''d'''an, mune'''d'''
 +
|['''d''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''g'''
 +
|'''g'''alih, '''g'''u'''g'''o, '''g'''ile'''g'''
 +
|['''g''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''h'''
 +
|ide'''h''', ii'''h''', raye'''h'''
 +
|['''h''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''j'''
 +
|'''j'''am, '''j'''agaq, '''j'''aban
 +
|['''ʤ''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''k'''
 +
|'''k'''uman, '''k'''e'''k'''elit
 +
|['''k''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''l'''
 +
|'''l'''imeh, bu'''l'''an, '''l'''a'a'''l'''
 +
|['''l''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''m'''
 +
|'''m'''ite'''m''', ngela'''m'''ud
 +
|['''m''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''n'''
 +
|'''n'''ekap, mu'''n'''eng, sina'''n'''
 +
|['''n''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''p'''
 +
|'''P'''anai, '''p'''ino, a'''p'''ui, ake'''p'''
 +
|['''p''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''r'''
 +
|'''r'''ekeb, mu'''r'''ih, kuku'''r''',
 +
|['''r''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''s'''
 +
|'''s'''ilo, '''S'''inaq, ma'''s'''iq
 +
|['''s''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''t'''
 +
|'''t'''uped, '''t'''imun
 +
|['''t''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''w'''
 +
|'''w'''aluh, pu'''w'''ek
 +
|['''w''']
 +
|-
 +
|'''y'''
 +
|i'''y'''ep, i'''y'''ur
 +
|['''j''']
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''q'''
 
|'''q'''

Revision as of 19:14, 23 January 2008

Vowels

Pronounciation of vowel sounds referenced to Kelabit and Bahasa Malaysia (where available):

Kelabit Bahasa Malaysia Phonetics (IPA) Chart
a apo,akep,baka,siaq anjing [ ɐ ]
aa aang () [ ɐ: ]
e temabuq bekas [ Ә ]
ey tungey meja, ekor [ Ԑ ]
i mikat ikan [ i ]
ii iih () [ i: ]
ai alai () [ a ͥ ]
io ngerio, mio () [ i o ]
iyo () [ i ͦ ]
iu bariu, keniu () [ i ͧ ]
o ngalo orang [ ]
oo dooq () [ ᴐ: ]
u uluh buku [ u ]
uu puung () [ u: ]
ui apui, muit () [ u ͥ ]

Consonants

Pronounciation of consonants are the same as in Bahasa Malaysia with the following additional sounds in Kelabit :

Kelabit Phonetics (IPA)
bp ebpaq, ebpul, Debpur [ b ˺ p ͪ ]
dt edteh, edto [ d ˺ t ͪ ]
gk Gugkang, ngegkang, tegkang [ g ˺ k ͪ ]
ng ngalap, nangey, muneng [ ŋ ]
b buro, tebut, meseb [b]
d dawan, dadan, muned [d]
g galih, gugo, gileg [g]
h ideh, iih, rayeh [h]
j jam, jagaq, jaban [ʤ]
k kuman, kekelit [k]
l limeh, bulan, la'al [l]
m mitem, ngelamud [m]
n nekap, muneng, sinan [n]
p Panai, pino, apui, akep [p]
r rekeb, murih, kukur, [r]
s silo, Sinaq, masiq [s]
t tuped, timun [t]
w waluh, puwek [w]
y iyep, iyur [j]
q ebpaq, puq ayam, luyuq [ ʔ ]
' i'it, tu'uh, na'am [ Ɂ ]

NOTE: Lian Labang has proposed to replace the glottal, commonly represented by ( ' ) at the end of a word with q. Replacement of mid-glottal sounds (eg. laqal instead of la'al) has not been adopted in this wiki.